A definition of hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting online content. There are different forms and types of hosting, based on the goals and on the objectives. Still, they all pertain to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made accessible through the World Wide Web. A web host is in fact a web hosting service that is connected to the Web and has its own personal IP address, which enables people to access it via the Web. The web hosting server's architecture and its resources are dependent on the kind of web hosting solution it will be used for.
What are the different types of hosting?
Based on the objective, the professional web hosting solution may be:
File Storage Hosting - this form of hosting enables the customers to deposit their files on a given server. With the classic file storage hosting solution, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the client that's availing of the service. This hosting service traditionally entails backups of computers , docs, personal files and even other web hosting servers. This solution may also have given restrictions in relation to the server space and the root privileges. There may also be bandwidth limits, but that is dependent on the actual hosting service provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting service is comparable with the previous web hosting service form. Yet, unlike the file storage web hosting solution, the warez web hosting solution is utilized for circulating copyrighted materials without the permission of the licence proprietor. To put it briefly - it is associated with the prohibited dissemination of files and documents. There are lots of methods for this to be fulfilled, but the 2 main methods are - through simple Hypertext Transfer Protocol downloading and through P2P connections. The first method entails either a specific website, or, most commonly, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everybody to access it and thus download licensed materials for free. The second method entails a peer-to-peer connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, via which people swap files between each other. There aren't many web site hosting companies that allow such form of hosting on their web servers, mostly due to all the legal predicaments that it presupposes. Generally such websites are hosted on personal dedicated servers that are registered by third-party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this solution is applicable with both shared website hosting and dedicated servers, based on the user's intention. If you want to have your very own personal SMTP server, then you will require either a virtual hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that provides the access level needed to accomplish such a procedure. For traditional mail hosting ends, though, you can set up an average shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's very famous, since the web site hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two different web servers, often belonging to different hosts.
Website Hosting - the most widely spread and immensely utilized hosting service these days. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type is dependent on the Operating System the hosting server is availing of - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate different hosting server Operating Systems, otherwise they won't be shown appropriately on the World Wide Web. This type of web hosting may involve server space and web traffic limits, root-level access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the purpose and on the objectives, the customer should select the kind of server that he demands for his work, and, of course, the web hosting firm that's going to supply it. There are different sorts of servers, based on the configuration and the webspace hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared webspace hosting server includes a smaller amount of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and middle size web sites, which do not demand vast quotas of disk space and bandwidth.
Semi-Dedicated Servers - they work on the very same principle as the shared hosting servers. Nonetheless, there are much less customers hosted on the same hosting server. Because of that, each of them will obtain a bigger share of the hosting server's resources like RAM, data storage, web traffic and CPU. Excellent for hosting big web pages that do not need complete root access.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual private hosting servers are excellent for medium sized web sites, which do demand root-level access to the server's configuration files. Commonly, there are a few private virtual web server accounts placed on the same server. Nonetheless, each of them is insulated from the others and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated web hosting server configured and accessed by you and only you. It guarantees a vast quantity of system resources. It also offers root-level access, which renders it an excellent platform for any kind of web page that requires a web hosting solution.
The sole question that's left is:
Which site hosting company should I choose?
As already mentioned, there aren't many web hosts offering warez web hosting services due to legal entanglements. Such web hosting companies are being shut down almost every month. For that reason, if you would like to create such a service, you should do it on your very own PC. The shared web hosting solution is the most widespread kind of hosting service. For that reason, each web hosting firm provides it. Not all of them, though, offer solutions such as virtual private web hosting servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the small scale web hosting suppliers do not have the means required for maintaining those services. That is the reason why it's invariably best to choose a larger hosting company that can furnish its clients with all the solutions that they request. You can quickly identify such hosts by the kinds of services that they are supplying and by the way that they present them to the customers. For example, some web hosting providers allow you to commence with a smaller web hosting package and subsequently shift to a more powerful one, if you deem it necessary to do so. This is extremely convenient, because you do not have to transfer sites between hosting servers and there is no danger of suffering service outages because of all the complications that may arise. Providers like Free Hostia provide all kinds of services and have the required web server resources and personnel to ensure that their clients will not face any complications when swapping services, which is what a top hosting supplier is actually all about.